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6.18六级考试解析全面出炉!快来看!

2016-06-23 11:15

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作者:呼和浩特新东方

    全方面的2016年6月18日六级考试解析!看看改革后的听力考试首考是怎样的?看看阅读题时间不够应该如何解决?看看翻译如何做好定时态抓主干补信息?看看写作又出了什么议论性话题?


六级听力  国内外部 沈娟

    本场考试是六级改革之后的第一场考试,从总体上来说,试题难度还是适中,但是从形式上令各位考生稍有点疑惑的就是,大纲明明说的是lecture,应该一个人独白才对,但是本场考试,lecture部分出现了两个人对话,每个人都会说很长的时间--注意,其实无论形式上是什么样子的,但是考察点和考察方法还是一样的,所以不用对他这个形式而耿耿于怀,同时,还有那句老话“读书破万卷,下笔如有神”.......基础,还有实力才是最重要的。

    由于改革之后,六级lecture部分一个题约为14.2分,所以听力分数会从这部分上拉开差距,至于长对话和短文听力部分大家的分值可能会相当,所以今天主要分析改革之后的lecture。

Lecture One:

    16题,从选项中我们能够判断出,这一题说的是自然灾害,而问题问的是这个lecture说的是什么主要内容,需要从文章全文上进行把握,属于主旨题,对于种题的处理方式就是如果你能听懂,那么根据内容去选择,如果听不懂则一定要在时间范围内放弃,千万不要在这一个题目上花太多的时间。所以这个题相对来说属于需要听懂的题,稍微难一些。

    17题从选项上能够看出说的主要是解决的方式,这个题属于视听一致题,不过在视听一致之前还有一个but的转折提示词,属于一个细节的考点。这个题目相对来说不难。

    18题选项中出现了古巴,很显然,文章中肯定会说一些关于古巴的事儿,那么当出现古巴的时候我们要格外的注意,应为它相当于一个定位词。除此之外,古巴本事是国家专有名词同时其后边还有时间的具体限定,很显然是一个非常详细的细节,这样的细节后边则很有可能会出现考题,来考察这一细节。而这道题则是需要听懂说到古巴时候的英文录音部分,才能够选出来,属于听懂题,难度系数相对较高。

总结:lecture One 部分属于稍微难一些的。允许错1-2个题。

Lecture Two:

总体上看,文章设置上难,但是题简单。

    19题,选项是动词,讲的贷款,财政等,从字面上推断可能是与银行相关,选项定位的是经济复苏,贷款,这个题不难属于完全视听一致题。

    20题,说的是银行遇到的问题可能不太景气,说的是困境等问题,也属于视听一致题。

    21题说的是一些will,将会降息,去除贷款,说的将会面临的问题,也是视听一致题,其中还有 so 这一考点信号词。

    22题则也是原词重现,要是这个题做不对的话,那就说明你发音有问题,或者注意力不集中了。因为不需要你听懂而是听见。

Lecture Three:

    23题说的是关于人的负面影响,属于抛出问题,录音上说的是new skills 而选项A 说的是new things,同学们稍微想一下即可知道二者其实是同一回事。

    24题不需要知道选项是什么,只需要对应发音即可,只有A选项听到了,其余的没提到。

    25说的是解决问题,原文说的是adopt healthy lifestyle 而选项说的是gave up unhealthy lifestyle ,属于双重否定。考生需要有一点点的辨识度。

整体上来看,lecture部分整体属于两人对一个问题的讨论。lecture one 稍微有点难度,剩余的两个都基本就是试听一致,难度较低。


六级阅读  国内外部 韩楚翔

    六级考试已经结束,而我们现在需要做的是从刚刚结束的考试当中总结经验,看能得到是那么启发。以下就是此次六级阅读各大题型的回顾。本次考试后,很多同学们的反馈就是时间仓促,继而造成紧张。而考试型阅读必然要求我们在有限时间内快速做完相应题型,所以我们普遍存在的问题还是在于阅读和做题方法上。

选词填空:

    第一步一定要将词性按名动形副分类,并且将熟悉的题筛选出来作为首先参照的备选答案。例如 ''Pursuing a career'' 这篇的第一个空说道The adolescent becomes an adult when he_26_a real job.很明显when后面是个句子,缺谓语动词同时主语是he,再通过整句判定此空为一般现在时单数,然后发现备选词汇中有L.promises和O.undertakes符合,而promises为承诺,undertakes为承担,再回到26题,不难发现应当是承担工作。再如下一个空,说道To cognitive researchers like Piaget,adulthood meant the beginning of an_27_. 可知,此空是一个以元音字母开头的名词。回到备选答案,我们发现K.occupation L.promises M.recession F.entrance H.existence均可作名词,而以元音字母开头单数名词的选项只有K. F. 和 H.。而后分析原句,根据相连句存在相关性原则可知,前句是说当能承担工作时,就算成年了。故备选词中entrance为入口,occupation为工作,existence为存在,只有工作符合相关内容主线一致原则。

    另外同学们平时一定要改掉不会就拿手机查词的习惯!其实选词填空一直是阅读中最难且分值最低(5%)的一部分,除了考查同学们对名动形副四种词性的辨析,还有就是对基础词汇的掌握情况。本次考试后,很多同学向我反应时间不够或没有合理安排时间,但如果严格把控各部分的做题时间,这部分就能拿一个不错的分数。但鉴于选词部分在阅读中的比例只占5%, 同学们在该部分投入的时间应该控制在5~10分钟。如果花费时间过长,势必会影响后面的仔细阅读,得不偿失。同时仍然建议将选词填空放在整个阅读部分的最后做。一定要控制好答题速度,不要恋战!

长篇阅读:

    依旧为直接划定位词然后再回原文对应,六级的长篇阅读要把选项和对应的句子做适当分析,多数会涉及很简单的词汇替换或句子改写。但还是这样的套路:相似即入选!我们拿Reform and Medical Costs这篇文章来看,第一题题干为With a tax imposed on expensive health insurance plans, most employers will likely transfer money from health expenses into wages.根据名动形副+意群的划分法,得知expensive health insurance plans和transfer money from health expenses into wages为定位词,再回到文章快速扫读发现F段中的impose an excise tax on health insurance plans that cost more than和most employers would shift money from expensive health benefits into wages极为相似,股故入选。总之,在真正考试中,面对长篇阅读,其实同学们的最大困难其实是找不到,这部分同学们在平常一定要多加练习扫读的能力。长篇阅读定位词确定后,最关键的一步就是要通过迅速扫读,找到定位点,然后问题就会迎刃而解。

精细阅读:

    就目前的一套卷中,宏观来看,今年的六级阅读题型考查的主要目的又回归了对同学们语言的基础应用上,共十道题中只有两道是偏主旨,而另外八道题都是偏细节理解的。拿TV advertising program这篇文章来说,第50题问What does the author view the hitherto high click-through rates?即作者的观点,故与对主旨的提炼有关有关。 再有第二篇mass unemployment中的第55题问What is the author's purpose in writing the passage?即作者写这篇文章的目的是什么?而在剩下的题中,只要我们按正常顺序对照相应的句子,然后分析同义句改写即可。例如在TV advertising program这篇文章文章中的第48题问What is the public's response to Cablevision's planned interactive TV advertising program?我们根据 Cablevision以及普遍顺序出题原则定位在第二段第一句So the news that Cablevision, an American cable company, was rolling out interactive advertisements to all its customers on October 6th was greeted with some skepticism.可知the news was greeted with some skepticism,而news为the news that Cablevisionwas rolling out interactive advertisements to all its customers on October 6th(同位语从句),故选C.Somewhat doubtful对应文中句的skepticism.

最后,祝愿同学们在此次六级考试中顺利通过,迎接下一个挑战!


六级翻译  国内外部 韩楚翔

    整体来说,考查对中文含义的理解不难,但在一些词语的翻译处理上加大了难度,不过万变不离其宗,定时态、抓主干、补信息外加理解翻译,这是翻译的核心思想。譬如,雅致我们可以翻译成elegant或make people look pretty and behave well;宽松长袍我们可以翻译成a dress with a properly big size;先锋可以翻译成pioneer或leader;试验田可以翻译成experimental place;企业家可以翻译成entrepreneur或enterpriser或businessman等。

    翻译没有标准,而共识就是能够尽全力传达本土语言的思想和含义,下面是本次三套卷子翻译部分的参考译文,给大家阅览。最后祝愿同学们在本次考试中顺利通过,迎接下一个挑战。

    1. 旗袍(qipao)是一种雅致的中国服饰,源于中国的满族(Manzu Nationality)。在清代,旗袍是王室女性穿着的宽松长袍。上世纪20年代,受西方服饰的影响,旗袍发生了一些变化。袖口(cuffs)变窄,袍身变短。这些变化使女性美得以展现。如今,旗袍经常出现在世界级的时装秀上。中国女性出席重要社交聚会时,旗袍往往是她们的首选。很多中国新娘也会选择旗袍作为结婚礼服。一些有影响的人士甚至建议将旗袍作为中国女性的民族服饰。

Qipao,a kind of elegant clothing in China,stems from Manchu Nationality. In the Qing times,it was loose clothing for the royal women. In the 1920s,influenced by Western wearing,it had some changes. The cuffs was narrower and the dress was shorter,which enabled Qipao to fully reflect women’s beauty. Nowadays,Qipao is often exhibited on world fashion shows. And it is usually their preference when women attend social parties. Meanwhile,many Chinese brides will select it as their wedding dress. Some of the influential even suggest making it as the national costume for Chinese women.

    2. 中国的创新正以前所未有的速度蓬勃发展。为了在科学技术上尽快赶超世界发达国家,中国近年来大幅度增加了研究开发资金。中国的大学和研究所正在积极开展创新研究。这些研究覆盖了从大数据到生物化学、从新能源到机器人等高科技领域。它们还与各地的科技园合作,使创新成果商业化。与此同时,无论在产品还是商业模式上,中国企业家也在努力争做创新的先锋,以适应国内外消费市场不断变化和增长的需求。

Chinese new ideas are developing faster than ever. In order to surpass developed countries on science and technology quicker, China in recent years has increasingly raised funds in studies and explorations. Universities and institutions in China are actively promoting new researches, involving many fields of high technology from data collections to biochemistry as well as from new energy to robots. They are also cooperating with science and technology industries in different places in order to make the innovation a much more commercial act. Meanwhile, to adapt to the foreign and domestic market changing all the time and to satisfy the growing demands, Chinese businessmen are also making efforts to innovate their products and business models.

    3. 深圳是中国广东省一座新开发的城市。在改革开放之前,深圳不过是一个渔村,仅有三万多人。20世纪80年代,中国政府创建了深圳经济特区,作为实践社会主义市场经济的试验田。如今,深圳的人口已超过1,000万,整个城市发生了巨大的变化。到2014年,深圳的人居(per-capita)GDP已达25,000美元,相当于世界上一些发达国家的水平。就综合经济实力而言,深圳居于中国顶尖城市之列。由于其独特的地位,深圳也是国内外企业家创业的理想之地。

Shenzhen,Guangdong province in China,is a newly-developed city. Before the reform and opening-up, it was just a fishing village with a population of more than 30 thousand. But In the 1980s, the Chinese government established Shenzhen Special Economic Zone as the experimental place for social market economy. Nowadays the population here has more than 10 million and the whole city has experienced great changes. By 2014, the per-capita GDP of Shenzhen has reached 25 thousand dollars, which is as same as some developed countries. As far as is concerned, its overall economic power is ranked among the top cities in China. Due to its unique status, it is also an ideal place for businessmen at home and abroad to start up businesses.


写作  国内外部 赵煦

    本次六级考试没有继续延续传统的漫画作文或者英语引语类作文,反而考察了较为简单的话题作文,即用英语给出话题(参考如下)。从题型和话题来看难度都适中,题型仍然是传统的议论文。同时也再次印证跟科技相关的话题始终是六级作文考察的重点。不论考生遇到了哪篇考题,文章开篇第一段都应该引出话题讨论,第二段从分析正反利弊的角度进行假设,第三段得出自己的最终观点给出建设性意见即可,整体来看不算难题。

    这次的话题围绕科技展开,分开是机器人,网上学习,以及虚拟世界。相信熟悉科技类话题的考生一定能够轻松地展开分析。这三道题目的观点可以互相借鉴,其优势可以写都能使人们的生活或者学习更加便利(convenient),可以节省时间(save time),其劣势可以写由于缺乏人们之间直接的交流或者互动(lack of immediate communication or interaction among people), 学习或者生活的效果不好(less effective).

    1. Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the use of robots. Try to imagine what will happen when more and more robots take the place of human beings in industry as well as people's daily lives. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

    2. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on e-learning. Try to imagine what will happen when more and more people study online instead of attending school. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

    3. For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on living in the virtual world. Try to imagine what will happen when people spend more and more time in the virtual world instead of interacting in the real world. You are required to write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

下面提供一篇原创范文供考生参考。

范文示例

Recently, it is not uncommon that increasing people tend to acquire knowledge from the Internet rather than from teachers in school, since it enables users to have access to new information more conveniently. It is likely to beneficial to people’s study, but meanwhile, it may bring some drawbacks as well.

On the one hand, it goes without saying that utilizing Internet allows people to study at home, which could to the most extent save learners’ time and money. For instance, many foreign universities have had the online course, permitting international students to gain the same knowledge with that of normal full-time school without going abroad and paying high tuition fee. Those who are eager to attend foreign school but cannot afford to it, undoubtedly, will benefit from this new type of learning. On the other hand, it also will exert some negative impacts on study. Compared with attending school, learning online may be less effective due to the lack of immediate interaction with teachers and other fellow students in real class, which could give rise to some difficulties in understanding and digesting knowledge.

By way of conclusion, both advantages and disadvantages exist in distance learning. Thus, people should make good use of the convenience and a great wealth of knowledge of the Internet, and simultaneously do not lose sight of significance in traditional learning.


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